Harbour west from Millers Point 1798. J. Heath, By water to Parramatta, with a distant view of the western mountains, taken from the Windmill-hill at Sydney.


Not only did generations of Aboriginal people traverse this peninsula on their (bare) feet: so did most of the new population. Pyrmont’s early industries employed large numbers for long hours, and r

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Tindall, CSR 1906-08


It is impossible to overstate the symbolic as well as the real significance of shipping in Australia, a country ‘girt by sea’. British colonists arrived in world-class ships, and for many years re

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Horses at Saunders’ quarry 1883


Like other quarries, Saunders used Clydesdale horses to pull blocks of stone to building sites: it was common – if awe-inspiring – to see timber jinkers haul huge loads through the streets. In 18

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Railway yard showing Darling Harbour.


The Sydney Railway Company (formed in 1848) built a freight terminal at Darling Harbour and opened the access rail line in 1855. Tied to the fate of Darling Harbour, the rail service struggled for cus

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Tram in Harris Street 1950s


Between 1879 and the 1950s, trams carried most Sydney travellers. The first (1861-1866) was horse-drawn. In 1879 a steam tramway was initiated: electrification started in 1898. By the 1920s, the syste

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Fleet of Morris Commercial Leader ton lorries for sugar cartage,  1939


In 1937 CSR began to purchase motor vehicles, perhaps because horses found it difficult to gain a foothold on newly sealed roads. In any case the NSW Wide Tyre Ordinance of 1935 limited the loads that

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Cars, 1940s, Miller and Bank Streets


The first motor vehicle landed in Sydney in 1900, and well-to-do families quickly embraced the chance to travel as whole families; but Pyrmont’s narrow streets and poor families were hardly affected

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